Below are 10 common causes of back pain:
1. Using bad posture and poor body mechanics while performing the activities of daily life can cause back pain. For example, lifting a heavy object without bending at the knees, which causes you to use your back instead of your legs.
2. Prolonged standing or sitting may cause the muscles that support the spine to tighten and cause pain.
3. Low Back Strains are common, and they happen when muscles are overstretched or torn. Muscle strains occur when a sudden force, pull or twist is applied to the muscles in the back resulting in pain.
4. Ligamentous Sprains are also common, and they happen when the ligaments holding bones together are torn from their attachments. Sprains happen with quick, unexpected movements.
5. Painful Degenerative Discs are another cause of back pain. Discs act as cushions between the vertebrae in your spine. As we age, these discs can become thinner thereby losing some of their shock absorbing capacity. With less cushioning, this can lead to pain.
6. Herniated/Ruptured Discs lead to back pain. The gelatinous material inside a disk may protrude or rupture and pinch a nerve. When this happens, a condition we commonly refer to as "Sciatica" occurs. This results when the herniated disc presses on the main nerve that travels down your leg and causes pain to radiate from the buttock down the back of the leg.
7. Spinal Stenosis also causes back pain. After age 50, arthritis in the spine can lead to a narrowing of the spinal canal, compressing nerves within the canal. The compression of the nerves can lead to pain and numbness in the legs.
8. Spondylolisthesis is a condition where a vertebra in the spine slips out of place, causing pain. When one vertebra slips forward over the one beneath, the spinal canal becomes narrower. With less room to function in their natural position, the spinal cord and nerves become irritated and inflamed which causes painful symptoms.
9. Osteoporosis can cause weak bones and can lead to fractures, known as compression fractures, which result in very uncomfortable back pain.
10. Facet Joint Osteoarthritis occurs when osteoarthritis (degenerative arthritis) causes a breakdown of the cartilage between the facet joints (small joints in the back). When the joints move, the lack of the cartilage causes pain as well as loss of motion and stiffness. This pain is usually more pronounced first thing in the morning and later in the day.
©2011Winifred D Bragg, MD. All Rights Reserved.
Featured on NBC, ABC, FOX and CBS, Winifred Bragg, MD is a nationally recognized speaker, author and practicing physician that specializes in pain relief and pain management.
Bragg, the Founder & CEO of the Spine and Orthopedic Pain Center, runs a thriving practice where state of the art techniques provide non-surgical solutions to treat orthopedic and spinal conditions. Bragg has helped thousands to treat their pain NON-SURGICALLY and with as little medication as possible.
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